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QUEST - MMSD Research Model: Question

Question, Understand, Evaluate, Synthesize, Transform - MMSD research process in the Common Core State Writing Standards

Essential Question

How do writers effectively develop and organize their ideas?

Research Model

Eagleton, Maya B., and Elizabeth Dobler. Reading the Web: Strategies for Internet Inquiry. New York:  Guilford, 2007. Print. 
(Reprinted with permission of the Guilford Press)

Question: What do I want to know?

Pre-writing strategies for narrowing your topic and writing a strong thesis statement:

1) Brainstorm by answering these questions:

What do you want to know? What are your interests? What do you wonder about those topics?

What do you want your essay to accomplish? How well does this topic fit the assignment? Why does this matter? Why do you believe what you do about the topic?

What are the different facets to this topic? Who are the parties involved?


2) Brainstorm some more. . .

I wonder if...

Is it possible...

What would happen if...

What does the future hold for...

attributed to Amy Bland

What do you already know?


Keywords will help you search for information


  • The main concepts (ideas, issues, events, people) in your question
  • Descriptive words
  • Synonyms and related terms

Tips for finding Keywords:

  • From subject headings & related topics found on articles
  • From the text of articles
  • From Internet search results


  • Use multiple keywords to limit & focus results
    • And / Or / Not
  • Combining keywords may limit results too much
  • Searching using a question doesn'twork