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Holocaust General Information
he Holocaust is English term most closely identified with the attempt by Germany's National Socialist (Nazi) regime, together with its European allies, to exterminate the Jews of Europe during the period of World War II—particularly during its most destructive phase between 1941 and 1944
The systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators from 1933 to 1945.
The Kristallnacht pogrom (riot) against the Jews took place on November 9–10, 1938. It involved a series of attacks against Jewish communities throughout Germany, Austria, and Sudetenland (along the border of Czech Republic). Thousands of Jewish businesses and homes were vandalized overnight by the SA and Hitler Youth.
The Nazi Terror Begins
After Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany in January 1933, he moved quickly to turn Germany into a one-party dictatorship and to organize the police power necessary to enforce Nazi policies.
SS POLICE STATE
In the months after Hitler took power, the SA and Gestapo agents went from door to door looking for Hitler's enemies.
After the Nazi seizure of power in 1933, Germany demanded the “return” of the ethnic German population of Czechoslovakia—and the land on which it lived—to the German Reich. In late summer 1938, Hitler threatened to unleash a European war unless the Sudetenland was ceded to Germany.
The Children of Terezin
Provides information on Jewish children who were sent to Terezin, a concentration camp in Czechoslovakia, during the reign of German Nazi in Europe
JEWS IN PREWAR GERMANY
APRIL 1, 1933
NATIONWIDE BOYCOTT OF JEWISH-OWNED BUSINESSES
Roma During the Holocaust
Beginning in June 1938, a number of Roma living in Germany and Austria (which had been absorbed into the Third Reich in March) were sent to concentration camps, including the Lichtenburg camp for women.
The Jewish Holocaust of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
One of the most tragic scenes in 20th Century history was the Jewish Holocaust during World War II in Europe, under the rule of the National Socialists (Nazis).
The Jews in France were deported to the East at the height of a two year process of persecution and aggressive legislation.
Along with England, France was the country
Hitler most wanted to conquer and humiliate.
Murder of Jews in Poland
On the eve of the German occupation of Poland in 1939, 3.3 million Jews lived there. At the end of the war, approximately 380,000 Polish Jews remained alive, the rest having been murdered, mostly in the ghettos and the six death camps: Chelmo, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau.
The German occupation of Poland was exceptionally brutal. The Nazis considered Poles to be racially inferior.
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
The most famous attempt by Jews to resist the Germans in armed fighting occurred in the Warsaw ghetto.
Auschwitz is notorious as Nazi Germany's largest concentration camp during World War II. Almost synonymous with the Holocaust, Auschwitz was a large, three-part complex that played a central role in Adolf Hitler's "final solution"—the extermination of millions of Jews.