It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
IMAGE-- White minstrel performers used makeup to disguise themselves as African Americans, with grossly exaggerated features. The caricature portrayed by Williams was based on overtly racist stereotypes, which denigrated black Americans and reflected the rampant racism of his time.
In 1896 the Supreme Court sanctioned legal separation of the races in its ruling in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson, which stated that separate but equal facilities did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment.
SIRS Decades UN: east141 PW qwerty
W.E.B. Du Bois became an important campaigner for civil rights, helping to found the Niagara Movement (1905) and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) (1909)
As First Lady, Ellen Wilson lent her name to the cause of improving slums in the District of Columbia. Shortly before her death, Congress passed legislation, which Ellen strongly supported, to aid in the improvement of the slums.
The United States experienced epidemics throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; yellow fever epidemics occurred in 1853, 1878, and 1905, and repeated cholera epidemics included a major outbreak in the Mississippi River Valley in 1873.
Black neighborhoods and communities typically received inadequate public services, which meant that residents struggled with poor drainage, shortages of fresh drinking water, and problems with garbage and sewage disposal.
Riis’s book forced middle-class Americans and government officials to confront the problems facing people in the nation’s urban slums. His exposé led to the establishment of the Tenement House Commission to improve the design of urban housing and provide safe and sanitary living conditions for the poor.
When last spring some workmen, while moving a pile of lumber on a North River pier, found under the last plank the body of a little lad crushed to death, no one had missed a boy, though his parents afterward turned up.
Rapid growth in population and industrialization, and the consequent urbanization created by this growth, had placed heavy demands on the nation’s streams for both water consumption and waste disposal. As a result, residents of many cities soon found themselves drinking the sewage of their upstream neighbors.
IMAGE--Poor residents of a New York City tenement eke out a living making neckties in a local workshop during the late 1880s. Photographed by Jacob Riis, such makeshift sweatshops were common during the late 19th century.
IMAGE--German immigrants earn a living making cigars in a New York tenement in the late 1880s. Jacob Riis' photographs, published in his book How the Other Half Lives, documented the diverse stories of the urban poor during the late 19th century.
IMAGE---Resting place of three "Street Arabs" in the New York tenement district of the 1880's, photographed by Jacob Riis. "Street Arabs" was a term for homeless children in the city, so named because of their nomadic lifestyle.
FactCite UN: eastlmc PW: eastlmc
Organization founded in Oberlin, Ohio in 1893 to coordinate the efforts of the Women's Christian Temperance Union, the Prohibition Party, and other anti-alcohol groups.
By 1830, Americans, mostly men, were drinking on the average of almost four gallons of spirits per year (about twice what Americans consume today). Alcohol addiction threatened the nation's health and economic well-being.
The purpose of this exhibit is to provide scholars, historians, and those with a general interest in the suffrage movement access to images of the memorabilia that so attracted activists as they made their final push in both England and America.
It would give women the right to vote. We need this because 'manhood suffrage,' or a man's government, is not an organization. It is the opposite. Men's ideas are bad for government, religion and our society. The male element is a destructive force.
This reference provides definitive coverage of the social and cultural developments of the period, as well as its political and economic history. This work features hundreds of detailed entries on issues, events, people, and ideas, and includes original documents, sidebar features, and in-depth essays on major themes and developments.
Royalty Free Images
Search here for images that are allowed by Copyright Law.
This patronage or “spoils” system was a tradition in American politics. Whenever control of city, state, or federal government passed from one political party to the other, the incoming party purged the old party’s officeholders and replaced them with supporters.
Two other factors were almost always characteristic of machines. One was partisan politics. The machine succeeded by taking over one of the parties in a city and effectively becoming the city's Republican Party or, more often, Democratic Party.
SIRS Decades UN: east141 PW: qwerty
Progressive Era reformers at the turn of the century successfully compelled local governments to introduce civil service systems to replace party patronage in government employment.
Haywood was known not only for his Socialist beliefs, but also for his claims that violence, sabotage, and other forms of “direct action” were legitimate tools for labor to use in its struggles against the owners of the country’s mines and factories.
After her dressmaking shop burned down in the Great Chicago Fire, Jones began a new life as a union organizer. Mine workers, mill workers, railroad workers—all became her "children" and called her "Mother Jones."